Last edited by Zoloran
Thursday, October 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of section through the defences of the Roman forts at Wall, Staffordshire found in the catalog.

section through the defences of the Roman forts at Wall, Staffordshire

F. H. Lyon

section through the defences of the Roman forts at Wall, Staffordshire

by F. H. Lyon

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  • 6 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Offprint from: Transactions of the Birmingham Archaeological Society, Vol. 79, 1964.

Statementby F.H. Lyon and J.T. Gould.
ContributionsGould, Jim, 1918-, Birmingham Archaeological Society.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13813242M

  Hadrian's Wall Vacation Travel Video Guide Northern tribes such as the Picts managed to break through the defensive line. To ensure comprehensive defence of the wall, the Roman . The "Wailing Wall" is actually the outer "Western Wall" of the Haram esh-Sharif which I have shown in my book to be the Western Wall of the former Fort Antonia and it has nothing to do with ANY of the former Temples of the Jews. This latter wall was finally selected by the Jews in about C.E. This is our modern "Wailing Wall.".

The Roman fort of Pons Aelius existed by AD and overlooked the Tyne on a site now occupied by the castle. Archaeology suggests a market was held in the fort between AD and AD. Outside the fort, to the west, a Roman civilian village existed in the Hanover Street area. The Medieval bridge at Newcastle on the site of the earlier Roman bridge. In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum (plural castra) was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military English, the terms Roman fort, Roman camp and Roman fortress are commonly used for r, scholastic convention tends toward the use of the words fort, camp, marching camp and fortress as a translation of castrum.

This Osprey little volume on the coastal defences of Roman Britain is a summary which is mostly inspired from Andrew Pearson's book ("The Roman Shore Forts", Coastal Defence of Southern Britain", ) and this is something that is clearly and perfectly acknowledged/5. When we compare this fort with the later stone fort at Vindolanda and with Roman forts elsewhere, the position of the praetorium seems unusual. We might expect it to lie in the central strip, east-west across the fort, to one side of the headquarters building, rather than on the road to the south gate.


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Section through the defences of the Roman forts at Wall, Staffordshire by F. H. Lyon Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hadrian's Wall (Latin: Vallum Aelium), also called the Roman Wall, Picts' Wall, or Vallum Hadriani in Latin, is a former defensive fortification of the Roman province of Britannia, begun in AD in the reign of the emperor Hadrian. It ran from the banks of the River Tyne near the North Sea to the Solway Firth on the Irish Sea, and was the northern limit of the Roman Empire, immediately north.

The Society’s interest initially focused on Wall’s military origins, which had not been explored by earlier excavators, and revealed the defences of a series of 1st-century forts on the hilltop now occupied by the parish church, and timber buildings within them.

Work on the forts continued into the s and was revived in the s. 0Reviews. The eleven forts constructed by the Romans along the British coast between Branchester in Norfolk and Portchester in Hampshire have traditionally been referred to as the 'Forts of the Saxon Shore'.

However, recent research suggests that these sites may have served as military ports rather then as a coherent defensive system to deter barbarian invaders. Wall Roman Site (Letocetum Baths and Museum) The excavated bathhouse of an army post on Watling Street, the great Roman road running from London to Viroconium (Wroxeter).

In addition to the bath house there are partial remains of other buildings associated with the staging post. A museum displays finds discovered on the site.

Watling Street, Wall, Lichfield, Staffordshire, England, WS14 0AW. OS grid reference SJ This Roman site in north Staffordshire is a difficult one to examine in any real detail as there are no tangible signs of earthworks showing up from the late 1st century fort, or what’s left of it, which is partly buried under Chesterton High School (now known as Chesterton Community Sports College) between Mount Pleasant and Castle Street and the recreation.

While tradition dictated that each fort had four stone gateways, it was equipped with watchtowers that could reach an impressive nine metres (30 feet) high. The fort worked on many levels – it served as a barracks, hospital, workshop, granary and stables.

Every structure included a main street that ran unimpeded through the camp. Rudchester Roman fort, associated civil settlement and a section of Hadrian's Wall and vallum from the A69 to the March Burn in wall m Heddon-on-the-Wall - | Historic England.

More in this Section. The Saxon Shore (Latin: litus Saxonicum) was a military command of the late Roman Empire, consisting of a series of fortifications on both sides of the English was established in the late 3rd century and was led by the “Count of the Saxon Shore”.

In the late 4th century, his functions were limited to Britain, while the fortifications in Gaul were established as separate commands.

An online encyclopedia of British history for children. A little village called a vicus grew up around many forts in which the local people would run take-away food stalls and inns for the soldiers to relax in off-duty, in return for money and protection from attack.

Although legionary soldiers were not supposed to marry, many 'unofficial' wives and families would also live in the vicus too. Melandra Roman Fort, also known by its Latin name of Ardotalia, was established in the first century AD as one of a network of outposts which connected Manchester to the wider road network.

It was later rebuilt in stone but was probably abandoned in the mid-second century AD. Hadrian's Wall (Latin: Vallum Aelium, "Aelian Wall") was a defensive fortification in Roman ran across the width of Great Britain from the Solway Firth to the North Sea; perhaps the most remarkable defensive work of its day.

The wall was begun in ADduring the rule of Emperor Hadrian, it was the first of two fortifications built across Great Britain, the second being the. Wall in Staffordshire was an important staging post on Watling Street, the Roman military road to north Wales.

The road network was crucial to the Romans' control over their empire. At staging posts like Wall weary Roman officials, soldiers and imperial messengers could find lodging for the night and change their horses.

The fort is one of the best-preserved of the forts constructed along the Wall. Built against the southern rear face of the Wall, the fort was defended by 6 metre thick turf ramparts and surrounded by defensive ditches. Gateways were provided through the main Wall to the north, and also through the walls on the other three sides of the y: Scotland.

InJohn Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Wall like this. WALL, a township and a chapelry in Lichfield-St. Michael parish, township lies on Watling-street, 2¼ miles SSW of Lichfield r. station; and includes the site of the Roman Etocetum, where Roman bricks and pavements, and other Roman remains have been found.

The vicus is located to the north and north east of the fort and includes a m length of Roman road running from the north gate of the fort through it. The fort formed part of the second century AD Roman frontier defences of forts, milefortlets and towers set approximately one third of a Roman mile apart along the vulnerable low-lying coastal plain of north west Cumbria and augmented in places by.

York was founded by the Roman Ninth Legion to serve as a main operating base within the hostile territory of the Brigantes tribe. The fortress they built led to a civilian settlement which was later enclosed within walls.

The Vikings and Normans would both augment the defences which were tested during the wars with Scotland and in the Civil War. Buy The Roman Shore Forts: Coastal Defences of Southern Britain 1st edition by Andrew Pearson (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.5/5(2). Rome's Saxon Shore: Coastal Defences of Roman Britain AD (Fortress) by Nic Fields () on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers/5(8).

It describes the layout of a fort and traces how forts developed from the marching camps thrown up each night by the army on campaign to the almost impregnable strongholds of the Saxon Shore. Forts, fortresses, fortlets, watch-towers and signal stations are in turn examined, and the defences This book examines Roman forts in Britain from the 4/5.

Hadrian's Wall was re-occupied, renovated, and the last of the old turf and timber defences to the west of the River Irthing finally made stone. Hadrian's Wall then defined the Edge of Empire for a further years until it was gradually abandoned as the Roman Empire in.

Birdoswald Roman Fort. Sitting on the longest stretch of Hadrian’s Wall Birdoswald Roman Fort has dominated the landscape since AD Enter through the four meter high gatehouse to discover the new interactive exhibition with lots of hands on fun and games suitable for all ages.

In the third century all freeborn men within the empire were granted Roman citizenship, obscuring the line between Roman and non-Roman.

By this time most of the regiments on the Wall were probably recruiting locally, and villages were springing up within the uallum, bunching up right to the gates of the forts themselves.Stretching 73 miles (80 Roman miles) across the country from Wallsend in the east to Bowness on the Solway Firth Hadrian’s Wall was built under the orders of Emperor Hadrian in AD Taking over 6 years to build, the wall boasted 80 milecastles, 17 larger forts .